These affordable and reliable manually controlled pulser-receivers provide the perfect building blocks for both conventional and high frequency applications. Each instrument is designed for superior low noise receiver response and high performance pulser control.
When used with an appropriate transducer and analog or digital oscilloscope, Panametrics pulser-receivers provide the perfect starting point for ultrasonic flaw detection, thickness gaging, materials characterization, and transducer characterization.
Model 5072PR: 35 MHz (-3 dB) ultrasonic bandwidth and spike pulser is ideal for general testing. The impulse pulser provides optimal broadband excitation resulting in superior time domain recovery especially at higher frequencies (between 15-30 MHz).
Model 5073PR: 75 MHz (-3 dB) ultrasonic bandwidth with fast rise time spike pulser extends performance for work with 50 MHz transducers in applications that challenge limits in axial and near surface resolution.
Model 5077PR: 35 MHz (-3 dB) ultrasonic bandwidth and square wave pulser-receiver is ideal for maximizing response in scattering materials. The square wave pulser is particularly advantageous when testing with transducers of 10 MHz or lower, as adjustable pulse width optimizes pulse energy, resulting in superior signal-to-noise characteristic.
Pulser-receivers employed with ultrasonic transducers and an analog or digital oscilloscope are the prime building blocks of any ultrasonic test system.
The pulser section produces an electrical pulse to excite a transducer that converts the electrical input to mechanical energy, creating an ultrasonic wave. In pulse-echo applications, ultrasound travels through the test material until it is reflected from an interface back to the transducer. In thru- transmission applications, the ultrasound travels through the material to a second transducer acting as a receiver.
In either case, the transducer reconverts the mechanical pulse into an electrical signal that is then amplified and conditioned by the receiver section. The resulting RF is then made available for further analysis. Since the customer chooses the waveform display and/or digitization methodology, infinite flexibility in measurement range and method may be pursued.
Square Vs. Spike Excitation
Spike excitation pulsers optimize broadband response and near surface resolution.
For applications involving the testing of thin materials with high frequency transducers where fast recovery time and broadband transducer response are important to insuring adequate time and depth resolution, Models 5072PR and 5073PR employ a spike excitation technique that produces an abrupt voltage transition followed by a recovery to the baseline. The ultra-fast rise times directly translate to broad spectral excitation resulting in wideband transducer response. It is possible to optimize transducer response by selecting pulse energy and damping values, which adjust pulse rise time, width, and voltage. In general, lower energy values and damping resistance will produce the sharpest rise times for the most efficient excitation of high frequency transducers. In fact, the 5073PR pulser electronics can achieve rise times of less than 2 ns, enabling the use of up to 50 MHz broadband transducers.
Square wave pulsers dramatically increase sensitivity while maintaining broadband performance by tuning pulse width to the resonant frequency of the transducer.
Square wave excitation is especially useful in applications involving the testing of thick or highly attenuating materials with low frequency transducers, typically improving both penetration capability and signal-to-noise ratio. The Model 5077PR provides square wave excitation with a fast pulse rise and fall time. The pulse voltage and pulse width are adjusted directly to provide precise control over pulse shape. By tuning the period (pulse width) of the square wave to half that of the transducer center frequency, pulse energy to the transducer at its natural resonant frequency is increased. This can result in an increase in signal amplitude as great as 12 dB or more as compared with spike pulsers using the same voltage setting. The effect is especially pronounced with transducers of 5 MHz and lower frequency.
|Potential increase in sensitivity using a tuned square wave pulser versus a spike pulser as a function of transducer center frequency.|
|Response using a Model 5073PR 75 MHz bandwidth pulser-receiver with a V215-BA-RM 50 MHz permanent delay contact transducer coupled to a 0.075 mm (0.003") metal shim|
|Spike excitation features sharp rise times adjusted by energy and damping values.|
|Square wave has controlled rise and fall times with directly adjustable voltage and pulse width.|
|A-scan comparison between 5073PR and 5072PR with 50 ohm damping and energy Position 1 to 5077PR set at 100 volts and tuned for frequency optimization. Gain set to noted dB level to normalize signal height from a 20 MHz delay line transducer.|
Olympus manufactures a wide range of transducers for conventional and high frequency applications. Transducers with center frequencies between 50 kHz and 50 MHz are available for use with the manually controlled pulser-receiver line. We also offer transducers with frequencies above 50 MHz that may be used with higher frequency instruments available in our computer-controlled pulser-receiver family. Direct contact, delay line, dual, immersion, angle beam, normal incidence shear wave transducers and more are available.
A line of low noise preamplifiers is available in a variety of bandwidths up to 40 MHz. These preamps can be used with our pulser-receivers for increased amplification in hard to penetrate materials or to drive long cable lengths from the transducer back to a host instrument for improved signal to noise characteristics.
Panametrics pulser-receivers have been used as the basis for both industrial and medical transducer characterization
systems. These instruments provide economical and reliable solutions for conventional, high frequency, and phased array transducer characterization.
Panametrics instrumentation has been a choice of the discerning researcher for a variety of biomedical applications including ocular imaging, vascular imaging, tissue characterization, blood flow analysis, and bone structure characterization.
Measurements on Young's Modulus and Shear Modulus of Elasticity and Poisson's ratio in non-dispersive isotropic engineering materials can be determined quickly and easily through computations based on sound velocities.
Correlation of velocity, time of flight, attenuation, and spectral content can often be related to other material properties. Grain structure, particle distribution, degree of nodularity in cast iron, polymerization in plastics, and mix ratios of liquids can all be inferred ultrasonically.
|Negative||Negative Impulse||Negative Square Wave|
(10% to 90%):
|Typically 5 ns, 10 ns max||Typically <2 ns|
Typically <10 ns, 20 ns max
Available Pulse Voltage:
|-360 V||-180 V||Select -400 V, -300 V, -200 V, -100 V|
|Available Pulse Energy:||13, 26, 52, or 104 µjoules||2, 4, 8, or 16 µjoules||N/A|
|Damping:||Select 15, 17, 20, 25, 36, 50,|
100, or 500 ohms
|12, 14, 17, 20, 25, 33, 50, or|
|Pulse Width:||N/A||N/A||10 preset fixed widths: 15-20,10, 7.5, 5.0-6.0, 3.5-4.0, 2-2.25, 1.0, 0.5, 0.25, 0.1 MHz.|
Variable +/-25% fine vernier tuning for each width.
|Mode:||Pulse Echo or Thru-Transmission|
|Isolation (53 dB min):||Typically 62 dB at 10 MHz||Typically 62 dB at 50 MHz||Typically 62 dB at 10 MHz|
|Pulse Repetition Rate:|
|100, 200, 500, 1000, 2000, or 5000 Hz||200, 500, 1000, 2000, 5000, 10000, or 20000 Hz|
100, 200, 500, 1000, 2000, 5000 Hz, except that maximum PRF is limited to: 2000 Hz FOR 0.5 MHz tranducers, 1000 MHz for 0.25 MHz transducers, and 50 Hz for 0.1 MHz transducers.
|Pulse Repetition Rate:||0-6 kHz|
|0-10 kHz||0-5 kHz (observe limitations of PRF versus pulse width)|
|Synch Output Pulse:||3 V into 50 ohms|
|External Trigger Input:|
(in series with 10 Kohms)
|2.4 V into 1000 PF|
200 ns minimum pulse width
|2.4 V into 1000 PF|
200 ns minimum pulse width
|2.4 V into 1000 PF|
50 ns minimum pulse width
(-3 dB, RL=50 ohms)
|1 kHz - 35 MHz||1 kHz - 75 MHz||1 kHz - 35 MHz|
|Voltage Gain:||0-59, 1 dB steps (RL=50 ohms)||0-39, 1 dB steps (RL=50 ohms)||0-59, 1 dB steps (RL=50 ohms)|
|Phase:||inverting or non-inverting (internal switch)|
|Attenuator Range:||0-59, 1 dB steps (RL=50 ohms)||0-49, 1 dB steps (RL=50 ohms)|
0-49, 1 dB steps (RL=50 ohms)
|High Pass Filter:||1 kHz (out) or 1 MHz||1 kHz (out) or 5 MHz||1 kHz (out) or 1 MHz|
|Low Pass Filter:||35 MHz (out) or 10 MHz||75 MHz (out) or 20 MHz||35 MHz (out) or 10 MHz|
|Noise:||70 µV pk-pk typical, referred to input, BW=35 MHz||200 µV pk-pk typical, referred to input, BW=75 MHz||70 µV pk-pk typical, referred to input, BW=35 MHz|
|Max Signal Output:||+/-1V pk., terminated in 50 ohms|
|500 ohms linear range|
100 ohms > linear range
|100 ohms linear range|
50 ohms at levels > linear range
|Output Impedance:||50 ohms||50 ohms||50 ohms|
|Maximum Input Power:||400 mW||400 mW||500 mW|
|Input/Output:||External Trigger In, Sync Out, RF Out, T/R and R: All BNC female connectors|
|Power Main Requirements:|
100/120/220/240 VAC, 50/60 Hz
|Size and Weight:||7" W x 3.5" H x 9.1" D (178 mm x 89 mm x 232 mm); 5 lbs (2.3 kg)|
Each model is shipped with a power cord and operator manual. Transducers and cables are sold separately.
Our sales department is available to discuss your application in detail and to assist with transducer selection.
*All specifications are subject to change without notice.